All Caribbean countries are highly vulnerable to climate change. Expected main impacts include shifts in precipitation patterns, with more intense storms and longer dry spells, increased hurricane intensity and unrelenting sea-level rise. These unavoidable consequences of global warming are coupled with the fact that most are Small Islands, with the majority of their populations and main commercial activities on, or near, the coastline and with limited surface and groundwater resources.
Over US&100 million from the PPCR is supporting the efforts of six countries: Dominica, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, as well as an overarching Caribbean regional program. Read more »
The Caribbean states have a strong history of collaboration on the issue of climate change with a significant amount of analytical work already done or underway on regional adaptation to climate change projects. Regional projects such as the Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change (CPACC); Adaptation to Climate Change in the Caribbean (ACCC) Project and Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change (MACC), have supported countries with development of National Adaptation Plans and UNFCCC National Communications, and provide some lessons learned – particularly with regards to institutional arrangements and strengthening and knowledge sharing – which will help to inform the development of the PPCR regional pilot.
In 2002 the CARICOM Heads of Government established the Caribbean Community Climate Change Center (CCCCC) as a Center Of Excellence, which main objective is to coordinate the Caribbean region’s response to climate change. The CCCCC is the official repository and clearing house for regional climate change data, providing climate change-related policy advice and guidelines to the Caribbean Community. The Centre has also assisted in the development of a regional climate change strategy, which was adopted at the level of heads of state. The strategy was adopted by 15 CARICOM Heads of State in May 2009 and specifically addresses climate change adaptation in the context of regional collaboration and is the Framework for regional collaboration on any climate change issues in the Caribbean including the PPCR. Furthermore the Caribbean also has a Strategy for Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) that for 2007-2012. Disaster Management in the Caribbean is very much related to climate variability. One of the objectives of the strategy is to help its member countries improve climate change resilience.
Moreover, additional regional organizations and development partners have been working in the Caribbean on climate change issues and their regional initiatives can be built upon through the PPCR. These include : University of West Indies; Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA); Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM); CARICOM Secretariat, OECS Secretariat, Caribbean Institute for Meteorology & Hydrology (CIMH); International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN); Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI); IDB; WBG; United Nations Development Program (UNDP); Department for International Development (DfID); Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA); and the Caribbean Development Bank.