Jamaica is an island nation located in the Caribbean. 60 percent of the current population (estimated 2.7 million) resides within 2 kilometers of the coast and a majority of the country’s GDP is generated in coastal areas. A substantial portion of the population lives in rural areas and relies directly or indirectly on agriculture to sustain their livelihood. The agricultural sector employs a significant part of the work force.
Considering these physical and socio-economic attributes, the island—both the hinterlands and coastal areas—are extremely vulnerable to climate change. The threats include: increases in extreme rainfall events and drought; sea level rise; storm surges; more intense hurricanes; and increased temperatures. These events have already been adversely impacting the country. Urgent and sustained interventions are needed to reduce these trends and the severity of the impacts.
...the percent of population that lived in urban areas in 2010
This reality has been highlighted in Jamaica’s National Development Plan, Vision 2030—the country’s long-term sustainable development program. Vision 2030 recognizes the need for a healthy natural environment and has climate change adaptation as a key outcome.Jamaica has developed a Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) as part of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) that will assist in climate-proofing the country’s development. The SPCR is aligned to Vision 2030, and also builds on gaps and challenges identified in Jamaica’s development strategy.
The program was developed with input from stakeholders at the national and local levels, and reflects some of the priority areas identified from consultations. The areas of focus are: water resources; human health; agriculture and food security; tourism; terrestrial resources and biodiversity; coastal resources and human settlements; and financial resources.