Description: 

A capacity building project aimed at providing assistance through capacity building to multiple state governments in coordination and updating of a nationwide land use registry.

Background:

Brazil is the third largest agricultural exporter in the world, and the world’s largest exporter of poultry, sugar cane, and ethanol. Much of the country’s agricultural production takes place in the Cerrado, a biome in the central part of the country that is characterized by savanna and forests. Since 2010, the Cerrado has lost approximately half of its forest cover due to land use change, and this figure is likely to grow as agricultural production increases.

The Cerrado is distributed over 11 states and 47 municipalities. Nearly 80 percent of the region is privately owned. At present, the Brazilian Forest Code requires that a minimum percentage of landholdings (35 percent in the Cerrado) is maintained as a “Legal Reserve,” and certain sensitive areas are maintained as “Areas of Permanent Preservation.” However, because of the size of the Cerrado and its presence in multiple states, there has been difficulty coordinating a register of privately owned landholdings, as well as ensuring that landowners comply with the Forest Code.

Objectives and Outputs:

This project is the result of a partnership between the Government of Brazil, the World Bank Group, and CIF. The project’s primary purpose is to address coordination issues through strengthening the ability of the State Environmental agencies to maintain a landholding register and enforce compliance with the rules of the Forest Code. The project will receive $32.5 million in FIP funds, and is anticipated to be completed in early 2020.

The main objective of this project is to build the capacity of the eleven state environmental agencies so that they are able to receive, analyze and approve rural landholding records and enter them into a national registry. This will be accomplished through technical, legal and financial assistance to target States, purchase of equipment and materials, and stakeholder training. To ensure that lands are properly registered, various actions will take place, including mobilization campaigns, map preparation, informational support, creation of local service desks, field surveys, and direct assistance to smallholders. The project will be considered a success if at least 70 percent of privately owned rural landholdings in selected priority municipalities are received and entered into the system.

Successful implementation of the project will result in reduced deforestation, forest degradation, and greenhouse gas emissions. Environmental regularization will allow for more effective supervision and monitoring of the required minimum holdings that must be set aside as Legal Reserves or Areas of Permanent Preservation. Additionally, widespread application of and compliance with the national registry will result in better management of remaining forest areas on private landholdings and also allow for more efficient recovery of degraded Legal Reserves and Areas of Permanent Preservation.

IBRD Project Portal

This project summary is drawn from draft project proposals [such as the PAD, PID, SAR, and country investment plan] and may not contain the most up-to-date information.

Project Details
Cover NoteProject Document | Cerrado Policies and Programs | MDB Project Implementation Services (MPIS) | Proposed Decision
Approved on June 12, 2014 (Approved Decision)
Approved amount(s):
USD 32.48 million (concessional loan)
USD 485,000 (MPIS Second tranche)

Comments and Responses:
United Kingdom (June 4, 2014) 
United Kingdom (June 12, 2014)
IBRD Response to United Kingdom (June 10, 2014) 

MDB Project Implementation Services (MPIS)
Approved on May 4, 2012 (Approved Decision)
Approved amount(s):
USD 265,000 (MPIS First tranche)