Description: 

A project for economic development and infrastructure enhancement in a region of Haiti known as the Centre Artibonite Loop.

Background:

Haiti is a small island nation facing a host of large challenges. These range from social (Haiti was ranked among the bottom 20 nations on the 2014 Human Development Index) to economic (2013 per capita GDP was approximately $820) to environmental (natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes are an ever-present threat). With a population that is expected to grow by nearly 30 percent in the next 15 years, the government is prioritizing efforts to diversify the country’s sources of growth and decentralize its economy.

Much of Haiti’s economy currently is centered on the capital region, Port au Prince. In contrast, the provinces are unevenly developed and often lack basic infrastructure and services. In 2010, the government produced the Strategic Plan for the Development of Haiti (PSDH), which aims to “unite the country through a convergence of living standards.” Part of this plan focuses on development of the region known as the Centre Arbitonite Loop (CAL).

Objectives and Outputs:

The CAL is home to a population of approximately 1.2 million inhabitants and covers 4,643 square kilometers. Development in the region is primarily driven by agriculture, which accounts for about half of local employment. However, a number of roadblocks exist for successful development in the region, particularly in the form of aging or nonexistent infrastructure and lacking governance structures. Therefore, this project seeks to support development of the CAL through improving the region’s connectivity and climate change resilience. In 2014, CIF provided $8 million in PPCR investments for this project, which will take place over six years.

The project consists of five components, all of which have been developed in such a way as to benefit women and other groups that have traditionally been excluded from decision-making processes. Those components are: (i) enhancing transport connectivity between the CAL and other regions, (ii) enhancing the access of inhabitants and agricultural producers to selected markets by improving internal connectivity within the CAL, as well as selected market facilities, (iii) developing regional knowledge and tools to enable public and private actors to better plan investments and activities, (iv) improving the region’s resilience to climate change, and (v) providing the Haitian government with resources and capacity to respond to any future emergencies. 

The project is expected to directly benefit 190,000 people, of which an estimated 30 percent are women. Indirect benefits will be provided to the region’s 1.2 million inhabitants in the form of improved climate-resilient transportation infrastructure, year-round access to markets, and improved local governance. Finally, the project will result in strengthened capacities of the various government ministries that would be part of the implementation process.

IBRD Project Portal

This project summary is drawn from draft project proposals [such as the PAD, PID, SAR, and country investment plan] and may not contain the most up-to-date information.

Project Details
Cover Note | Project Document | MDB Project Implementation Services (MPIS)Proposed Decision
Approved on January 27, 2014 (Approved Decision)
Approved amount(s):
USD 8.0 million (grant funding)
USD 240,000 (MPIS Final tranche)

Comments and Responses:
United Kingdom (January 10, 2014)
Germany and Spain (January 10, 2014)
IBRD Response to United Kingdom, Germany, and Spain (January 22, 2014)