• Feature Story
  • |
  • Apr 27, 2018

INDIA: Rajasthan connects 8,000 megawatts of renewable energy to India’s national grid

CIF Action 

Around 300 million people have no access to electricity in India and the country is dependent on imports of coal and natural gas to generate electricity. 

The state of Rajasthan is helping to change that by contributing 8,000 MW of renewable solar and wind energy to the national grid. 

India is promoting increased use of clean energy to meet fast-rising electricity demand. In 2015, the government announced at the United Nations Climate Change Conference that it aims to increase the share of installed electric power capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources to 40% by 2030. The state of Rajasthan's new transmission infrastructure, totaling 1,850 km of lines, is part of the solution.

In 2015, India had an installed power generation capacity of around 275 GW, with renewable energy contributing around 13% (36 GW). But India is not stopping there. The government is actively promoting increased use of clean energy to meet fast-rising electricity demand. In 2015, the government announced at the United Nations Climate Change Conference that it aims to increase the share of installed electric power capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources to 40% by 2030.

Rajasthan, with its 300 days of sunshine a year, has become a leader in terms of solar power output. In 2014 the government announced it hoped to install 25,000 MW of solar energy in the state in five years.

Rajasthan also had 2,800 megawatts of wind capacity installed as of 2014, out of an estimated potential capacity of 5,000 megawatts, and accounted for about 13 percent of India’s wind energy production.

In 2013, CIF approved a $200 million Clean Technology Fund loan to support the quality improvement and the expansion of transmission infrastructure to connect wind and solar parks in Rajasthan to the national grid, and get the power to where it is needed.

Transmission infrastructure:

  • Total investment: $800 million
  • 1850 km of transmission lines
  • 12 substations

Results:

  • 4,300 MW (7,761 GWh annually) of renewable energy transmitted to the grid
  • X4 renewable energy transmission capacity in Rajasthan
  • Assuming a grid emissions factor of 0.7 tons CO2e / MW-h, GHG emission avoided will be about 5.4 Million tons / year CO2e from this new renewable energy capacity. Over an operating period of 25 years, emissions avoided will total about 135 million tons CO2e
  • Assuming 400 tons of coal per GWh of electricity produced, the program will facilitate avoided coal consumption of about 3.1 million tons per year.