Population:29 million (2016)
GDP Growth:0.4 % (2016)

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CO2 Emissions per capita:0.3 metric tons (2014)
Inflation:8.8 % (2016)
Source: World Bank

Nepal is the fourth most climate vulnerable country in the world due to its harsh geography, largely poor and resource dependent population, and weak institutional capacity to manage the climate challenges it faces. Floods, droughts, and landslides are deadly and endemic. Uncertainty about the availability and reliability of water resources could dramatically impact livelihoods, endangered species, and habitats. Much of Nepal’s forests are degraded, making them increasingly prone to forest fires. Moreover, the effects of climate change are expected to intensify extreme weather events and other climate risks in the region.

A landslide blocking part of a road in Sati Farwest, Nepal. - Photo: Flickr/Nyaya Health

...the number of families affected by floods and landslides between 2001 and 2008

Its per capita primary energy consumption is one of the lowest in the world. In 2010, the country’s predominantly hydropower 706 MW total installed electricity generation capacity was enough to meet only around 50% of peak-load demand during low flow periods of the winter months. For the 56% of Nepalese with access to basic energy services, load shedding of around 12 hours per day is required throughout the year. Nepal’s persistent energy shortage and frequent power outages have severely constrained economic growth. Households that lack access to grid electricity regularly rely on costly and harmful alternative fuel sources. For example, kerosene oil for lighting is not only a poor source of illumination, but is also environmentally harmful and damaging to the health of its users.

Nepal prepared the“Strategic Program for Climate Resilience” (SPCR) to outline its program to respond to priority climate risks. The SPCR complements the National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA), Climate Change Policy, Local Adaptation Plans of Action (LAPAs). The Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment is the Government of Nepal’s focal ministry for the PPCR. The multilateral development banks—the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the World Bank—administer the funds on behalf of the Climate Investment Funds and supervise the projects in collaboration with Ministry of Science Technology and Environment.