Given their fragility, small size, relative isolation, highly dispersed populations and limited economies, many Pacific island nations are particularly vulnerable to extreme weather and climate events. The effects of climate change are expected to intensify the adverse implications of such events, which include droughts, floods, coastal erosion, sea level rise, and increases in cyclone intensity. This in turn will heighten the insecurity of Pacific islands communities’ food and water supplies and threaten the lives and livelihoods of millions.

A fishing village. - Photo: Shutterstock

...the percent of the population living within 1.5 km of the shore

Papua New Guinea, Samoa, and Tonga have taken the lead to design a strategic regional program that builds on existing cooperative frameworks for addressing climate change risks that will tap US$75 million in grant financing from the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) for investments designed to mainstream climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction into national, sectoral, and local development planning and action. In addition to providing direct financial support for transformational climate resilience projects, the Pacific region’s PPCR financing is intended to support Papua New Guinea, Samoa, and Tonga, as well as non-PPCR pilot countries in the region, in developing local and national capacities for climate resilience planning, coordination, and action.