Ghana is located in West Africa on the Guinea Coast. Agriculture and livestock constitute the mainstay of Ghana’s economy, accounting for 32% of GDP in 2009 and employs 55% of the economically active population. Agriculture is predominantly rainfed, hence making it a great concern with respect to potential climatic changes.
Climate change and variability is already affecting Ghana’s water resources, and often attributed to global warming caused by increased greenhouse gas emissions for several decades. Their impacts on the country are evident in climate-induced changes to physical and biological systems which increasingly exert considerable stress on the country’s vulnerable sectors: Agriculture, Coastal Zones/Marine Ecosystems and Water Resources.
…the estimated tons of carbon stored in above ground biomass and soils
Whilst there is no concrete evidence of climate change occurring in Ghana, some climate variability through changing regimes of climatic factors are evident. These climatic extremes, has led to periods of severe drought crop production and livestock herds decline and the severe food shortage experienced in the country in the early 1980's was a clear testimony. The adverse impacts of climate change on the socioeconomic factors driving the sustainable livelihoods of the rural communities coupled with poverty also limit economic development.