The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is home to the largest biome in Africa, covering 155 million hectares or nearly two thirds of DRC’s national territory. Yet due to large-scale and illegal logging activities, DRC is also one of the top ten countries in terms of annual loss of forest cover. Meanwhile, small-scale and family farming are the primary drivers of deforestation and forest degradation around DRC’s cities and vilages. Given DRC’s weak institutional capacity for sustainable forest governance and low level of private sector involvement in REDD+ related activities, ensuring the sustainable management of DRC’s forests represents a daunting challenge.
...the average number of hectares deforested per year between 2000 and 2010
Developed under the leadership of the government in coordination with African Development Bank (AfDB), World Bank (IBRD), other development partners, and key Congolese stakeholders, DRC’s Forest Investment Program (FIP) investment plan is designed to enhance ongoing national REDD+ processes to address DRC’s central forest management and protection challenges. Specific investment areas include afforestation and reforestation, dissemination of improved cook stoves and charcoal making techniques, and support for communities’ capacity to sustainably manage their forest resources.
DRC’s FIP investment plan channels funding to targeted areas of deforestation in the supply areas of large cities. The FIP funds sectoral activities in key areas of deforestation in supply areas in order to address the immediate threats to DRC’ forests, as well as generate substantial emissions reductions and other co-benefits. FIP resources also aim to provide an enabling environment for sectoral activities that do not jeopardize the long-term viability of DRC’s forest resources, focusing in particular on strengthening forest governance and building the structural conditions necessary for sectoral transformations to sustainable forest management practices.