Climate Investment Funds recently contributed to the Africa Agriculture Status Report 2014 : Climate Change and Smallholder Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa (pgs. 103 – 105.) This included sharing case studies from our experience on the ground. Here’s how our Forest Investment Program has been linking REDD+ in and climate-smart agriculture in Burkina Faso:
The government of Burkina Faso invested US$ 30 million allocated from FIP resources with the assistance of the World Bank and the African Development Bank to promote an adaptation-based mitigation path that would both reduce poverty and limit deforestation and the degradation of forests and woodlands, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This was in response to heavy pressure on forest resources, leading to a 0.8% average annual rate of deforestation. Deforestation and forest degradation has led to the loss of biodiversity and degradation of soil productive capacity due to: the country’s rapidly expanding population (a growth rate of 3.1% in 2006); its reliance on a very narrow natural resource base; and the fact that the country’s agriculture accounts for 40% of its GDP. The total investment area covered 6 gazetted forests and surrounding communities and lands across 31 municipal councils in the following administrative regions: Boucle du Mouhoun; the Centre-West; the South-West; and the East region. The area includes sites experiencing significant forest degradation, yet holding a high potential for reforestation and sustainable land management through the development of alternative livelihoods. Individual project activities complemented each other to ensure enhanced land management in both legally protected (gazetted) areas and the surrounding areas used mainly for agriculture and livestock keeping.
The government’s decision to invest FIP resources in the landscape approach was based on the assessment that: a landscape approach would encourage forest-dependent smallholders to diversify their income sources across multiple potential uses of the landscape, and that this approach would allow for an integrated solution to mitigation and adaptation challenges.
Source: Kutter and Westby, 2014