Description: 

A project to promote climate-resilient sustainable forest ecosystems benefiting local livelihoods in the biodiversity corridors of Cambodia.

Background:

Cambodia is considered to be among the most vulnerable countries to climate change due in part to an economy that is heavily based in agriculture. According to the World Risk Report 2012, Cambodia ranks 8th among countries with the highest risk of climate change-related impacts. Additionally, the country is noted for having a low adaptive capacity, meaning that potential climate impacts may not be addressed in a proper fashion.

Assessments undertaken in Koh Kong and Mondulkiri Provinces reveal a variety of risks associated with climate change. These include increased occurrence of drought and flood events and a shortened rainy season. The assessments also revealed that temperatures are likely to increase up to 1.0° C by 2025, while sea levels are expected to rise by as much as 10 cm in the same period. However, the most severe impact is likely to result from greater frequency of long-term droughts, which could affect local populations’ ability to extract groundwater resources.

Objectives and Outputs:

This project will result in greater food security for the affected regions through addressing needs related to climate resilient agriculture. The methods proposed for achieving this result are control of seawater intrusion into agricultural areas, protection of coastal areas from rising sea levels, and improved mechanisms for managing climate-related impacts. This project, begun in 2014 as a partnership between the Government of Cambodia, ADB, and CIF, received a $7.4 million in PPCR funding and is expected to take approximately five years.  

A variety of outputs are associated with this project. First, since the project is implemented as a part of the Greater Mekong Subregion Biodiversity Corridors Project, a number of interventions will occur for the benefit of biodiversity corridors. Institutional and community capacity building in support of biodiversity corridor management will give communities ownership over these areas. Additionally, corridor restoration, ecosystem services protection and forest protection will ensure their long-term functionality

Second, infrastructure improvements will be made to enhance climate resiliency. These include flood protection dikes to protect rice-growing lands from sea level rise, as well as rainwater harvesting systems, small-scale irrigation facilities, and water conservation technologies. In addition, community income sources will be diversified through sustainable forest management to protect against climate-related crop failures.

The project is expected to result in a variety of benefits. First, improved climate planning and institutional capacity at the national level will result in a greater degree of preparedness when dealing with climate change from a policy perspective. Second, climate responsive investment approaches will be identified, leading to an improved atmosphere for future investments. Third, adaptive capacity will be improved at the household level, with as many as 4,300 households directly benefiting from project interventions.

This project summary is drawn from draft project proposals [such as the PAD, PID, SAR, and country investment plan] and may not contain the most up-to-date information.

Project Details
Cover Note | Project Document | MDB Project Implementation Services (MPIS)Climate Resilience Outputs | Proposed Decision
Approved on September 19, 2014 (Approved Decision)
Approved amount(s):
USD 7.4 million (grant funding)
USD 390,000 (MPIS Second tranche)

Comments and Responses:
Japan (September 11, 2014)
United Kingdom (September 11, 2014) 
Germany (September 11, 2014)
ADB Response to Japan, United Kingdom, and Germany (September 17, 2014)