Description: 

Provision of technical assistance for the purpose of integrating climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction into programs, plans, policies and projects at the national, sub-national and sector levels.

Background:

Cambodia is often cited as a country that is highly vulnerable to climate change for a number of reasons. First, Cambodia’s economy is rooted in agriculture, and as climate conditions alter annual flood and drought patterns, greater risk factors jeopardize the agricultural sector’s long-term economic sustainability. Second, it is estimated that over 80% of the country’s population depends on agriculture for livelihood. As such, changes to climate have the potential to place the population at great risk. Finally, much of Cambodia is low-lying and potentially vulnerable to increased typhoon incidences and storm surges associated with regional changes in climate patterns.

To address pressing concerns around accelerating Cambodia’s climate resilience plans, the country began a series of programs in 2006 with its National Adaptation Program of Action. This project supports the subsequent Strategic Plan for Climate Resilience (SPCR), which is the result of a partnership comprised of the government of Cambodia, the World Bank Group, and ADB.

Objectives and Outputs:

This project aims to provide technical assistance for enhancement of institutional capacity, promotion of good governance, and modernization of infrastructure. Goals of the project include fostering economic growth, creating jobs for all citizens, greater social equity, increased public sector efficiency, and protection of natural and cultural resources. Begun in 2012 in partnership with the Government of Cambodia and ADB, this project received PPCR funding of $7 million, and will take place over five years. The project is notable for its emphasis on opportunity building for women and vulnerable groups.

Four outputs are associated with this project. First, SPCR coordination, technical support, and capacity for mainstreaming climate resilience will be strengthened. This will occur through development of a results framework that will optimize shared learning and harmonize monitoring and evaluation across all future projects. Ultimately, the results framework will be integrated into institutional capacity at the national level.

A second output will be feasibility studies for selected projects under the National Adaptation Program of Action. These studies will allow projects with the most direct results to be prioritized over less effective ones.

Third, a support mechanism will be established to assist with capacity building for civil society and non-governmental groups. In addition to offering grant opportunities to these groups, this output will generate knowledge, capture lessons learned, and develop knowledge products that serve as a resource for future initiatives.

The fourth outcome of the project will be the development and dissemination of climate change adaptation knowledge products. A knowledge management system will be established to provide continued access to any knowledge products created by civil society and government organizations. The end result will be a deeper understanding of climate risks and adaptation options by all stakeholder groups.

This project summary is drawn from draft project proposals [such as the PAD, PID, SAR, and country investment plan] and may not contain the most up-to-date information.

Project Details
Cover Note | Project Document | Technical Assistance Report | MDB Preparation and Supervision Services (MPIS) | Proposed Decision
Approved on August 16, 2012 (Approved Decision)
Approved amount(s):
USD 7.0 million (grant funding)
USD 250,000 (MPIS Second tranche)

Comments and Responses:
Germany (August 6, 2012)
United Kingdom (August 8, 2012)
United States (August 8, 2012)
Nexus (August 9, 2012)

ADB Response to Germany, United Kingdom, and United States (August 10, 2012)
ADB Response to Nexus (August 10, 2012)

Project Preparation Grant
Project Preparation Grant Proposal (Page 100)
Approved on June 29, 2011 (Approved Decision)
Approved amount(s):
USD 200,000 (PPG)