Description: 

A 100 MW wind farm comprising forty to fifty 1.5 to 3.0 MW wind turbines sized for moderate to low wind regime.

Background:

The electricity sector has met major capacity constraints during recent years. Demand for electricity increased by 60 percent from 1994-2006, but no new generating capacity came on-stream from 2001 -2006. Power rationing and other measures instituted to prevent the electricity system from collapsing have affected the entire economy, especially the country's mining industry, leading to shutdowns of the largest mining operations and putting thousands of jobs at risk.

ESKOM Holdings responded to the supply shortfalls through a Capital Expenditure Programme that entails an investment commitment of $50 billion over a 5-year period, which will add about 12.5 percent to the current generation capacity in South Africa.

Wind energy is a commercially mature technology but remains unexploited in South Africa. About 3000 MW wind energy projects led by private sector are under preparation in the Western Cape of South Africa. Furthermore, a wind atlas is being prepared for the whole country.

Objectives and Outputs:

The objective is to enable Eskom Holdings to enhance power supply and energy security in an efficient and sustainable manner to support the long term carbon mitigation strategy of South Africa. The project will benefit additional 50,000 customers, and promote regional integration while facilitating the replication of the technologies in the nearby regions especially in Botswana and Namibia.

Supply capacity increase and system losses reduction are the goals, which will contribute to access rates improvement, economic growth and the living conditions for the population.

The local economy will be boosted by the salaries, wages and fees paid to construction workers and local contractors. It is estimated that the project will create up to 150 direct jobs and a permanent staff of about 10 during the construction phase. Up to 30 percent of the project components will be sourced from the local market. Additional economic activities, such as catering for construction workers, will add to the income generation for the communities in the project area, especially women.

Information, Education and Communication (IEC) activities will be involved, including both men and women, on issues of STI-HIV/AIDS, family planning, the environment and safety of persons and property in view of the electrical installations. Due to the line installation works there will be a high possibility of HIV and other STI transmission as there will be greater intermingling of people in the localities along the transmission route.

Construction has begun on South Africa’s first commercial-scale wind farm. Supported by CTF $100 million, the 100MW Sere Wind Project expects to save 230,000 tons of CO2 emissions annually.

This project summary is drawn from draft project proposals [such as the PAD, PID, SAR, and country investment plan] and may not contain the most up-to-date information.

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Five Towers Up, 42 More to Go

Construction has begun on South Africa’s first commercial-scale wind farm. Supported by CTF $100 million, the 100MW Sere Wind Project expects to save 230,000 tons of CO2 emissions annually.