Description: 

An infrastructure improvement project to improve well-being in coastal towns through enhancing climate change resilience and disaster preparedness.

Background:

Home to more than 38 million people, Bangladesh’s low-lying coastal zone is highly vulnerable to events such as cyclones, storm surges, sea level rise, and salinity intrusion. Current climate projections indicate an increased likelihood of these activities, as well as increased average annual precipitation and temperature throughout the region. Potential impacts of climate-related events include severe flooding, contamination of water supply, and waterborne disease outbreaks. Additionally, poor governance and limited capacity have resulted in aging infrastructure and outdated financial management practices.

In 2010, the Government of Bangladesh prepared its Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR), which is a long-term strategy for addressing the country’s need for strengthened capacity and climate resilience. The SPCR outlines a number of investments as an integrated approach to urban development. This project supports goals associated with SPCR implementation in eight vulnerable coastal pourashavas (secondary towns), each with a population of 15,000 to 60,000.

Objectives and Outputs:

Begun in 2014, this project is led by ADB in partnership with the Government of Bangladesh, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and CIF. The project will promote climate resilience infrastructure improvements, as well as capacity building at the municipal level. The project will receive $40.4 million of PPCR funding, and will be completed in May 2020.

The main objective of the project is to increase well-being in coastal towns of Bangladesh by improving climate resilience and disaster preparedness. The project is expected to be especially beneficial to the poor and women, who are more likely to be negatively impacted by climate change.

Three primary outputs are expected to result from the project: improved climate-resilient municipal infrastructure, strengthened institutional capacity and governance, and project and administrative support. A two-stage approach will be used to guide progress, whereby completion of steps associated with the first stage will allow access to a second round of investment. 

Infrastructure investment will first focus on strengthening critical basic services, such as cyclone shelters, emergency access roads, bridges, and drainage, water supply, and sanitation systems. A second round of investment will update local economic infrastructure, including markets, bus terminals, and commercially important roads. 

Capacity building will be accomplished through focusing on three areas. First, non-structural measures, such as urban master plans, building codes, water safety planning, and disaster management procedures will be updated through consultant support. Second, municipal governance methods will be strengthened to ensure the financial sustainability of investments, as well as citizen participation. Finally, efforts to increase public awareness will enable communities to better respond to climate-related disasters.

Administrative support will be guided by a project management and supervision consultant firm, which will ensure proper project and contract management, as well as quality control and compliance with ADB safeguard policies. 

ADB Project Portal

This project summary is drawn from draft project proposals [such as the PAD, PID, SAR, and country investment plan] and may not contain the most up-to-date information.

Project Details
Cover Note | Project DocumentReport and Recommendation of the President | Climate Change: Project Adaptation Action (PAA) ReportMDB Project Implementation Services (MPIS) | Proposed Decision
Approved on December 12, 2013 (Approved Decision)
Approved amount(s):
USD 40.0 million (grant funding)
USD 109,000 (MPIS Final tranche)

Comments and Responses:
United Kingdom (November 19, 2013)
Spain and Germany (November 22, 2013)
United States (December 9, 2013) 
United Kingdom (December 10, 2013) 

ADB Response to United Kingdom (November 22, 2013)
ADB Response to United States and United Kingdom (March 13, 2014)