Description: 

A development project focusing on improvement of infrastructure and promotion of public-private financing and capacity building in order to mainstream climate resilience.

Background:
Bangladesh is considered one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change. By 2050, average annual temperature is expected to increase by 1.0° C across the region, and sea level is predicted to rise by as much as 30 cm, potentially displacing as many as 35 million people. Additionally, extreme weather events are expected to occur with greater frequency. As a result, Bangladesh’s coastal districts will see increased likelihood of risks to rural infrastructure.

Taking steps to adapt to climate change and strengthen resilience is a high priority of the Government of Bangladesh. One area of concern is Bangladesh’s transportation network, which is expected to see 87 percent inundation by 2050. Updating this infrastructure alone is estimated to cost $2.7 billion. To finance the high cost of adaptation, GoB is partnering with organizations including the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, and IFC.

Objectives and Outputs:

This project, undertaken as a partnership between the Government of Bangladesh, ADB, and CIF, will receive $30 million in PPCR funding and will be completed in December 2018. The primary objective of the project is to reduce poverty and raise incomes in the rural coastal districts of Bangladesh through fostering rural connectivity in a sustainable and “climate-proof” way. The project will enhance access to various social services across 12 rural coastal districts, resulting in better health, education and economic opportunities for local residents. Through improvement to all-weather markets, the rural poor, and particularly women, will be given the opportunity for a better lifestyle and increased earnings.

Outputs for this project will focus on three areas: improved road connectivity, improved market services, and enhanced climate change adaptation capacity. 537 km of rural roads will be upgraded, providing year-round connectivity between agricultural production areas, markets, and other areas of the country. Roads will be improved to climate-resilient standards, and will be protected with embankments to prevent erosion and wave damage. 274 markets will be upgraded with climate resilient market sheds, paved trading areas, and water supply and drainage systems. Additionally, each market will have 15% of its space allocated to women.

Enhancing climate change adaptation capacity will take place in three ways. First, 15 new cyclone shelters will be constructed, and 10 existing shelters will be improved. Access to these shelters will also be improved. Second, knowledge management for climate change will be enhanced through creation of a framework for institutional learning and knowledge sharing. Finally, the capacity of local government staff will be strengthened to better prepare and manage climate resilient rural infrastructure.

ADB Project Portal

This project summary is drawn from draft project proposals [such as the PAD, PID, SAR, and country investment plan] and may not contain the most up-to-date information.

Project Details
Cover Note | MDB Project Implementation Services (MPIS) | Project Annexes | Report and Recommendation of the President | Proposed Decision
Approved on September 5, 2012 (Approved Decision)
Approved amount(s):
USD 30.0 million (grant funding)
USD 109,000 (MPIS Final tranche)

Comments and Responses:
Germany (September 5, 2012)
United Kingdom (September 5, 2012)

MDB Project Implementation Services (MPIS)
Project Concept (Page 57) | Proposed Decision
Approved on January 25, 2011 (Approved Decision)
Approved amount(s):
USD 218,000 (MPIS First tranche)

Project Preparation Grant (PPG)
Project Preparation Grant Proposal | Supplementary Document | Proposed Decision
Approved on September 1, 2011 (Approved Decision)
Approved amount(s):
USD 600,000 (PPG)

Comments and Responses:
Brazil (August 16,2011)
United Kingdom (August 26, 2011)
Germany (August 29, 2011)
Japan (August 29, 2011)
ADB Response to Brazil, Germany, and UK (September 2, 2011)