Description: 

A climate resilience program that seeks to strengthen Tonga’s government and communities’ capacity to finance, develop, monitor, and implement investments for climate resiliency.

Background:

In 2002, tropical cyclone Waka inflicted $60 million in economic damage to Tonga. In 2010, tropical cyclone Rene inflicted $22 million in damage. In the next fifty years, Tonga is projected to have a 50% chance of experiencing damages exceeding $175 million and casualties larger than 440 people per annum. Of 173 countries surveyed by the World Bank, Tonga is the second most at-risk to threats of climate change and natural hazards. While the Government of Tonga is committed to climate and disaster risk management, efforts have been constricted due to severe resource constraints.

In 2013, CIF allocated $19.95 million towards the Climate Resilience Sector Project (CRSP), which will mainstream climate resilience into development planning and address the most vulnerable sectors and communities. The project, expected to be complete by 2018, will cost an estimated $23.11 million, and will enable Tonga to increase resilience of its vulnerable communities to climate change and disaster risk.

Objectives and Outputs:  

The objective of CRSP is to increase climate and risk resilience in economic, social, and ecosystems in Tonga. CRSP has three main components: capacity building, climate change financing, and climate resilient infrastructure and ecosystems. The project will seek to provide 20 government staff working access to short term professional training or work placements on climate change adoption and disaster risk reduction. CRSP will also establish the Tonga Climate Change Trust Fund (CCTF), to finance small community climate change adaptation projects with support from the ADB, World Bank, European Commission, and Australia. Six special marine management areas will be established to introduce sustainable fishing and management of coral reefs that will benefit 1,046 people in Tonga’s outer islands.

Direct beneficiaries of the project include climate vulnerable and poor communities, the Ministry of Finance and National Planning (MFNP), and the overall population of Tonga, which will benefit from improved climate change monitoring and new employment opportunities. The project is classified as a gender-mainstreaming project, and will seek to enable women to influence the project’s development. ADB and Tonga’s MFNP will be the executing agencies, while a project steering committee and a representative of the Civil Society Forum of Tonga will provide policy guidance for project implementation.

The project, in early stages of implementation, is expected to be complete by 2018. To date, CRSP has worked to ensure consultancy services packages are ready for recruitment to assist the government in project implementation.

This project summary is drawn from draft project proposals [such as the PAD, PID, SAR, and country investment plan] and may not contain the most up-to-date information.

Project Details
Cover Note (Summary) | Sector Assessment | Project Administration Manual | Report and Recommendation of the President to the Board of Directors | Proposed Decision | MDB Project Implementation Services (MPIS)
Approved on October 8, 2013 (Approved Decision
Approved amount(s): USD 19.25 million (grant funding)
USD 199,370 (Final tranche)

Comments and Responses:
United Kingdom (October 7, 2013) 
Germany (October 8, 2013)  

Capacity Building to Support Transformation to Climate Resilient Development Path (ADB)
Sustainable Climate Change Financing (ADB)
Building Ecosystem Resilience and Climate Proofing Critical Infrastructure (including coastal protection systems) (ADB)
Project Preparation Grant
Approved amount(s):
USD 750,000

MDB Project Implementation Services (MPIS)
Approved on April 20, 2012 (Approved Decision)
Approved amount(s):
USD 199,375 (First tranche)