Description: 

A project for strengthening the engagement of Brazilian Cerrado biome`s indigenous peoples and traditional communities in FIP, REDD+ and similar climate change oriented programs at the local, national and global level.

Background:

Brazil is a megadiverse country with extremely rich flora and fauna, containing 6 continental biomes. The original cover of the three forest biomes represents 80 percent of Brazil’s territory and constitutes 12 percent of the world’s forest area. It is estimated that 82 percent of the original Amazon Biome cover remains, 50 percent remains in the Cerrado and 14 percent in the Atlantic Forest. These forests constitute a significant portion of global land-based biodiversity and most of them are found in indigenous lands and traditional territories occupying nearly 25 percent of Brazil’s land area.

As of 2010, Brazil was the largest exporter of sugar cane, beef, poultry, coffee, tobacco and ethanol and the second largest exporter of soybeans and maize. Agriculture accounts for 19.3 percent of the Brazilian labor force. Between 2003 and 2009, the value of agribusiness exports increased by 111 percent. Brazil has the largest cattle herd after India. Much of the agricultural boom has occurred in Central Brazil’s Cerrado, which is a strategic biome for economic, food security and environmental reasons.

Objectives and outputs:

The DGM was established upon request of Indigenous Peoples and Traditional Communities (IPTCs) to support their participation in the FIP and other REDD+ strategies and programs. The program has two components: a country component in each of the eight FIP pilot countries, and a global component for knowledge sharing, capacity building, and strengthening of networks and partnerships among IPTCs.

DGM has been prepared in a highly participatory manner emphasizing the decision-making role played by IPTCs. Therefore, in response to their concerns, needs and objectives, the DGM’s principal aim is to address the internal threats they currently face to sustain livelihoods with a low environmental footprint, pursue sustainable forest and land use management systems as well as adaptive coping strategies, and continue to deliver environmental services. Through the use of bottom-up and highly participatory approaches, the DGM will engage and empower the most vulnerable social groups in the Cerrado to address key drivers of deforestation and forest degradation. It will contribute to sustainable forest and land use management within ILTCs, which represent at least 4.6 percent of the Cerrado area and are still characterized by high rates of their original vegetation cover (80 percent within indigenous lands).

It supports the capacity building of IPTC organizations, which will enable them to voice their interests in climate change-related decision-making processes and to benefit from FIP and other REDD+ programs. On-the-ground, no-regrets community-based adaptation (CBA) activities of the IPTCs’ choice that will promote economic activities, livelihood diversification and sustainable forest/land use management systems will be implemented. In the short term, the Project will reduce IPTCs’ vulnerability to the forest landscapes pressure; in the medium and long terms, it will contribute toward promoting adaptive coping strategies. The DGM has the potential to mitigate or promote adaptation to manmade- and climate-related changes, as well as to reduce their social and economic costs.

The objective is (i) to strengthen the engagement of Brazilian Cerrado biome`s indigenous peoples and traditional communities in FIP, REDD+ and similar climate change oriented programs at the local, national and global level, as well as (ii) to contribute towards improving livelihoods, land use and sustainable forest management in their territories.

This project summary is drawn from draft project proposals [such as the PAD, PID, SAR, and country investment plan] and may not contain the most up-to-date information.