Mozambique is amongst the poorest countries in the world. Located on the eastern coast of southern Africa, it is subject to high levels of climate variability and extreme weather events (i.e. droughts, floods, cyclones). Of these extreme weather events, droughts are the most frequent, occurring every three to four years, and are seen as a major constraint to development. This is due to the fact that the majority of the country’s population, especially the most poor, reside in rural areas and rely on rain-fed agriculture (World Bank, 2013). Mozambique is also located at the end of several transnational river basins, making flooding in deltas a perennial threat to both farmers and infrastructure, especially when coupled with cyclonic storm surges (ibid.).