Population:127.5 million (2016)
GDP Growth:2.3 % (2016)

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CO2 Emissions per capita:3.9 metric tons (2014)
Inflation:2.8 % (2016)
Source: World Bank

Prompted by rapidly increasing electricity consumption, energy demand now outpaces economic growth in Mexico. In response, Mexico has embarked on an aggressive energy plan to reduce the carbon intensity of its economy. In 2008, Mexico announced a goal to reduce its 2050 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 50% below 2002 levels. To support these efforts, Mexico passed national legislation to incentivize shifts to long-term, low carbon approaches to energy production and use. Yet despite world-class renewable energy resources and a strong commitment to climate change policy, a range of financial, technical, and informational barriers prevent Mexico from fully exploiting its GHG emissions reduction potential.

A brightly lit home in Mexico. - Photo: Shutterstock
72 million

...the estimated number of incandescent bulbs to be replaced with fluorescent lamps in low-income households using CTF resources

Their forests cover around one third of the country’s land area. Seventy percent of Mexico’s forests are governed as ejidos, a collective ownership system unique to Mexico, and provide the basis for the lives and livelihoods for tens of millions of Mexicans. In addition to their important economic and social roles, Mexico’s forests are also ecological treasure chests, containing some of the highest levels of biological diversity in the world. Yet Mexico’s forest resources face severe threats, as low access to financial services, lacking viable alternatives, weak institutional and governance capacity, and rural development policies incentivize unsustainable forest management practices. In addition to these existing risks and challenges, climate change and variability entail greater uncertainty, particularly in terms of food security, and has the potential to exacerbate the threats to Mexico’s forests.