Cambodia is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and variability, in particular due to the high dependence of its economy on climate-sensitive sectors, and low adaptive capacity of its populations. Agriculture and water resources management are the most important pillars of the economy, with 84% of the population relying on agriculture for their livelihood. The country’s agricultural production system is dependent on the annual flooding and recession of Tonle Sap Great Lake, and is therefore particularly sensitive to potential changes in local climate and monsoon regimes. Rural infrastructure including roads, water supply, and sanitation, suffers from the impacts of floods and cyclones. Weather and climate data are not easily accessible and monitoring sites are insufficient for effective early warning, meaning rural residents rely largely on word of mouth to ready themselves for floods and other extreme climate events. Cambodia’s rural residents and critical basic infrastructure remain vulnerable to regular and costly weather shocks that undermine growth and development.
...the percent of the population that relies on agriculture for their livelihoods
The government of Cambodia is committed to enhancing climate resilience as a means of improving the economic and social well-being of its people. It will tap US$86 million in grants and near-zero interest credits from the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) to support investments to improve the climate resilience of Cambodia’s core water management, agriculture, and rural infrastructure, as well as provide financing to enhance the capacity of Cambodia’s institutions to effectively mainstream climate resilience into development planning. The Cambodian government drafted its PPCR investment plan in coordination with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), members of the World Bank Group (IBRD, IFC), key Cambodian stakeholders, and other development partners.