Climate Investment Funds' stakeholder base includes: countries, civil society organizations (CSOs), indigenous peoples, private sector entities, multilateral development banks (MDBs), UN and UN agencies, GEF, UNFCCC, Adaptation Fund, bilateral development agencies, and scientific and technical experts. The stakeholder participation and consultation enables broader input and communication for more effective action and gives stakeholders both an opportunity and a responsibility to support the effective implementation of CIF investments. They can participate in the CIF through: Observers to the Trust Fund Committees’ and Sub-Committees’ meetings, and through Partnership Forum, Private Sector Forum, and Civil Society Forum

CIF's three tiered approach to stakeholder engagement:

Within each of CIF's four key programs - CTF, PPCR, FIP and SREP - country governments and the MDBs work with stakeholders to encourage national-level engagement and promote coordination with ongoing activities. CIF's engagement with the stakeholders operates on three different levels:

  1. Information Sharing
  2. Consultation
  3. Partnership

Policies and Guidelines

Events and News

Civil Society (CSOs) represent a range of constituencies affected by climate change and are a pillar of the principle of country ownership, outlined in the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. For the Climate Investment Funds to function effectively in recipient countries, Civil Society is a critical stakeholder, helping to set the investment approach and to involve communities in activities aimed at both mitigation and adaptation.

Civil Society Organizations are represented in the CIF by a total of sixteen elected Observers - four on each of the Trust Fund Committees and Sub-Committees. Civil Society observers are drawn from global and local or regional civil society organizations, with consideration given to equally distributed representation. Every observer represents a network of organizations operating in its geographic region and with similar interests. CSOs might include advocacy groups, think tanks, and groups that are active in the field.

"CIF has presented the opportunity for CSOs globally to participate and engage with the various CIF committees in addressing the global problem of climate change and achieving country development needs."

Maurice Ouma Odhiambo, RECONCILE, Kenya,


"The CIF's reputation as participatory, transparent and inclusive has inspired confidence among the Climate Change community of practice that finally things are looking up."

Gertrud Kenyagi, SWAGEN, Uganda



CIF is founded on the principles of stakeholder engagement, inclusivity and transparency. The involvement of observers on the Trust Fund Committees and Sub-committees is essential in the expression of these principles. This central role is unique to the CIF, where they are seen as vital in broadening perspectives, supporting transparency and accountability, and ensuring more targeted and effective action on the ground. Like all of the stakeholder groups – including the Multilateral Development Banks, the private sector, and Indigenous Peoples and local communities - Civil Society Organizations are involved at all levels of engagement in CIF processes.

Multilateral Development Banks and Civil Society

Indigenous People are identified as peoples who under international or national legislation have a set of specific rights based on their historical ties to a particular territory, and are usually culturally or historically distinct from the larger population. These groups are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change and environmental degradation, and have a vested interest in adaptation projects.

To broaden perspectives, support transparency and accountability, and ensure more targeted and effective action on the ground, representatives of the major non-governmental stakeholder groups serve three-year terms as observers at the CIF governance table and at the country level. - Photo: CIFOR/Shutterstock

It is a principle of CIF to engage with vulnerable, disadvantaged and remotely located communities, including Indigenous Peoples. The CIF recognizes the deep connection between indigenous peoples and the natural environment in the context of climate change, as well as the sanctity of indigenous cultural practices. They also have a practical knowledge of the environmental sensitivities of the areas where they live, built over centuries of subsistence on the land and observation of climate patterns. Through the CIF, particularly in their role as Observers on the Trust Fund Committees and Subcommittees, Indigenous Peoples have access to a powerful forum for the issues that concern them and new resources to assist them in their efforts to adapt to the challenges they face.

Indigenous People are represented by ten observers in total on the CIF Trust Fund Committees and three sub-committees, and also on the Dedicated Grant Mechanism (DGM) for Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities. These observers have a critical role to play in assisting the CIF engage with indigenous groups at the country level, through their own networks and with the assistance of multilateral development banks (MDBs) and civil society organizations (CSOs).

The private sector entities engage in the CIF both at the governance and country levels. At the governance level the CIF holds dialog and consults with representatives of the private sector on issues, policies, and programs by listening to their perspectives and inviting suggestions and expertise views. These interactions vary from observing the CIF governing body meetings and decision making process to consultations on financial instruments, investment opportunities, and climate finance policies. The CIF also facilitates dialog and partnership between business and governments by establishing discussion forums, organizing private sector focused events, and providing technical support, often playing a convening role. The governance level engagement can be best seen in the role of the eight private sector observers to the different CIF governing bodies. The observers represent the interests and concerns of the business community in CIF meetings and decision making process.

The business input into the design of the CIF projects, programs and financial instruments is very valuable and recognized by the CIF governance body as well CIF countries. The private sector provides the bulk of the investment into climate technologies and the expertise on how investments are made. It is well positioned to bring business reality to the development of viable project models that have the attributes to channel CIF investments and can provide expertise on financial tools that can make these investments more attractive. The CIF delivers significant benefits for a wide range of private sector companies operating in developing countries or planning to do so. Further information on this could be found here.

The CIF governing structure represents a unique model for multi-stakeholder engagement. Stakeholders are invited to participate in meetings of the Trust Fund Committees and Sub-Committees as Observers in order to help promote sound an transparent decision making, efficient use of resources, and complementarily with other sources of financing.

Observers are drawn from civil society organizations (CSOs), the private sector, and indigenous peoples’ groups. Representatives from organizations such as the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) are also invited to observe meetings. Additionally, any Member of any SCF Sub-Committee who is not a Member of the SCF Trust Fund Committee is invited to observe SCF Trust Fund Committee meetings.

To promote the participation of Observers in the Trust Fund Committee and Sub-Committee meetings and catalyze their engagement in the CIF process, CIF has developed Guidelines for Inviting Representatives of Civil Society to Observe Meetings of the CIF Trust Fund Committees.

Meet your Observers:

Observers Selection Process and Criteria

Observer Representation

Roles and Responsibilities

Terms for Observers

Access to CIF meeting documents and comments sections

Observers can submit position comments and/or responses to CIF meetings and meeting documents. To access the documents and comments section please click on a provided link of appropriate Trust Fund Committee or Sub-Committee: